The monstera deliciosa can also be known as the Swiss cheese plant, split leaf philodendron and Mexican breadfruit, among many other names. It’s a massive floor plant with a few of the very recognizable leaves in the design world. Its own”Swiss cheese” nickname comes from the legendary splits and holes in its leaves and its”breadfruit” nickname identifies its corn-shaped fruit.
With Hieta garden mind Monsteras have a longstanding history in art and interior design. You can commonly find images of this monstera foliage printed on pillows, framed on walls as well as hanging in a glass vase.
The monstera grows natively in Native American rainforests from Mexico to Panama. Monsteras hail from the arum family like other popular houseplants including peace lilies and ZZ plants. It’s possible to grow a monstera deliciosa outdoors in the event that you live in zones 10 or 11. Check out the USDA’s plant hardiness zone map to find out more about different zones.
Monstera Deliciosa Overview
All these climbing, evergreen perennials can reach around 60 feet or more in elevation within their natural habitat. In your home, they can achieve about eight feet in height. Their leaves alone can measure as many as 2 feet long. On account of the impressive height of this monstera deliciosa, utilize a trellis or moist moss-covered sticks for assistance.
A monstera’s uniquely shaped leaves allow it to withstand downpours in tropical rain forests. Its construction helps it take from the few streaks of sun that produce it into the rain forest ground. These characteristics are how it gained a second nickname: the hurricane plant.
All these vibrant houseplants look best in dining and living rooms where your guests can respect them for all their attractiveness. Remember, these plants occupy a lot of space. So just be sure that there’s extra room wherever you are thinking about showing your new greenery away. As an extra incentive, they also purify the air!
Different monstera deliciosa varieties feature different leaves and sizes. You will notice subtle colour variation and slightly different leaf structures in each plant. Take a look at some of those types you can have in your home:
M. deliciosa borsigiana
This variety is ideal for you if you lack floor space, but still want to have a gorgeous monstera into your property. They typically grow rapidly and are smaller in size in comparison to other types.
This sort of monstera deliciosa includes yellowish-cream pattern dappled on its leaves. This variation requires a long time to develop and isn’t quite as common to find in homes.
The distinct white variegation on its leaves distinguishes it from other monstera deliciosa varieties. No two leaves are ever alike! Some leaves become completely white while some might feature speckled patterns. This is another uncommon monstera variety, similar to the M. deliciosa variegata.
Monsteras are simple to take care of and require the right balance between sun, water and temperature needs. Take a peek at their maintenance tips below to determine how you are able to keep your plant powerful.
Light: The right amount of sunlight is vital for a monstera’s foliage development. Place it in a place where it can receive filtered, indirect sun. Too much direct sunlight may provide a monstera yellow or scorched leaves. You might want to rotate your plant should you become aware of its leaves reaching for sun, so just be sure to keep your eye on it.
Water: You need to water your plant once the first few inches of soil are dry. Poke your finger into the ground to look at its dryness. Monsteras like peaty, well-draining soil because overly-moist soil can result in root rot. These plants also occasionally develop airborne roots over time. You can pay these roots with moist sphagnum moss or guide them to the dirt in order that they can also get plenty of water.
Temperature: The monstera plant prefer ordinary room temperatures between 68–86 °F. Misting your own monstera deliciosa once a week can increase humidity around the plant if you live in a dry area.
Toxicity: All parts of this plant, excluding its ripe fruit, are toxic to pets and humans making the larger variety not an ideal choice for pet owners. Opt for a miniature variety like the M. deliciosa borsigiana that you’re able to keep high on shelves to prevent your curious furry buddies from taking a snack. The plant can lead to stomach distress if ingested and skin irritation if touched due to the calcium oxalates found in its sap. It is still safe to have in your home, provided that you don’t ingest any area of the plant and require additional care when handling it. Have a look at our guide to poisonous plants to find out more about what to do if part of a monstera is ingested.
Wipe their leaves down about once per week to keep them tidy and remove dust. This routine care keeps their dark green leaves healthy and shiny. If you do find tiny critters on your plant, then wipe them off with a mild soap solution or gentle insecticide to get rid of the pests.
Issues: As we mentioned previously, the leaves may not grow properly if your plant does not receive enough sunlight. If you notice that your monstera’s leaves aren’t splitting properly, move it to a better-lit location.
Monstera deliciosa leaves can turn yellow if they are overwatered or undernourished. If the problem persists, repot your monstera in new soil. In the end, if all those solutions aren’t functioning, nourish your outdoor planter pots plant a tiny homemade plant food or compost to receive its leaves back to peak health. 1 way to tell the gap is to see if the leaves are”perspiration” — that is an extra indication of overwatering.
Brown leaf tips or edges may result from dry air and low humidity. Right this by misting your plant once per week or by keeping a humidifier close to your plant.
Repotting: Monsteras, in particular, are big pants that need repotting every couple years to support their growing root programs. Pick a kettle a few inches bigger in width and height than your previous one to give your monstera more room to grow. It is also possible to keep it in precisely the exact same pot, repot less frequently or regularly prune back its leaves to keep it a more manageable size. Take a look at our manual to repotting a plant for more in-depth repotting tips.
Propagation: Air layering is a frequent propagation way of monsteras. Continue reading to see the steps needed to get this done.
Locate a leaf that has a tiny aerial root under it.
Cut a notch below that origin that is roughly one third of this stem diameter.
Wrap this area (notch, origin and node where leaf meets the stem) with a layer of damp floral or sphagnum moss.
Wrap the moss in plastic tight enough so that it remains stable, but loose enough so you can open it and check the roots. You are able to fasten the plastic and paints with string or other ties.
Once you start to see roots, cut on the stem and then plant it into new soil.
Monstera deliciosa plants are a gem to have in your house, with easy care guidelines too. Taking care of your own monstera is sure to bring you lots of compliments and a happy plant!